Faculty Biography

Robert Johnston

Robert Johnston, Ph.D.

Professor of Economics
Department of Economics
Director and Research Professor
The George Perkins Marsh Institute
Clark University
Worcester, MA 01610-1477

Phone: 508.751.4619
Fax: 508.751.4600
Email: rjohnston@clarku.edu

Curriculum Vitae

Dr. Johnston received a B.A. from Williams College in 1990 and a Ph.D. from the University of Rhode Island in 1996. He has been at Clark since 2008.

Current Research Interests

Professor Johnston's research interests include economic valuation, benefit transfer and ecosystem services, with an emphasis on aquatic, riparian and coastal systems.  His recent work has focused on the economics of coastal vulnerability and adaptation (e.g., to sea level rise and coastal flooding), and the coordination of economic and ecological models to value aquatic ecosystem services. In addition to his grant-funded research, he works closely with international organizations, government agencies and non-profit organizations to assist in the appropriate use of economic information to guide environmental and natual resource policy development.  He is a current member of the US EPA Science Advisory Board, the Ecosystem Science and Management Working Group of NOAA Scientific Advisory Board, the Management Committee of the Narragansett Bay Estuary Program, the Senior Advisory Board of the Connecticut Sea Grant Program, the Program Advisory Council of the New York Sea Grant Program, and the Program Committee for the Charles Darwin Foundation in Galapagos, Ecuador.

Selected Publications

Duke, J.M., S.J. Dundas, R.J. Johnston and K.D. Messer.  2014.  Prioritizing Payment for Environmental Services:  Using Nonmarket Benefits and Costs for Optimal Selection.  Ecological Economics (in press).

Johnston, R.J. and M. Ramachandran.  2014.  Modeling Spatial Patchiness and the Hot Spots in Stated Preference Willingness to Pay.  Environmental and Resource Economics, in press, online version available, DOI 10.1007/s10640-013-0731-2.

Johnston, R.J., and K. Moeltner.  2014.  Meta-Modeling and Benefit Transfer:  the Empirical Relevance of Source-Consistency in Welfare Measures.   Environmental and Resource Economics, in press, online version available, DOI 10.1007/s10640-013-9730-3.

Committee on Evaluating the Effectiveness of Stock Rebuilding Plans of the 2006 Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act (Parma, A.M., P.J. Sullivan, J. Collie, T.W. Hartley, W. Heyman, R.J. Johnston, A.E. Punt, K.A. Rose, J. Sanchirico, M.P. Sissenwine and G. Sugihara). 2914.  Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States.  Ocean Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council of the National Academies.  Washington, DC:  The National Academies Press.

Johnston, R.J., J. Sanchirico and D.S. Holland. 2014.  Measuring Social Value and Human Well-Being, in Bowen, R.E., M.H. Depledge, C.P. Carlarne and L.E. Fleming, eds. Oceans and Human Health:  Social Implications and Well-Being. Hoboken, NJ:  Wiley Blackwell.

Johnston, R.J., S.K. Swallow, D.M. Bauer and E. Uchida. 2014. Connecting Ecosystem Services to Land Use: Implications for Valuation and Policy, chapter 8 in Duke, J.M. and J. Wu, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Land Economics. Oxford University Press, pp. 196-225.

Zhao, M., R.J. Johnston and E.T. Schultz. 2013. What to Value and How?  Ecological Indicator Choices in Stated Preference Valuation.  Environmental and Resource Economics 56(1): 3-25.

Stanley, T.D., H. Doucouliagos, M. Giles, J.H. Heckemeyer, R. J. Johnston, P. Laroche, J.P. Nelson, M. Paldam, J. Poot, G. Pugh, R.S. Rosenberger, and K. Rost. 2013. Meta-Analysis of Economics Reporting Guidelines.  Journal of Economic Surveys 27(2): 390-394.

Bauer, D.M. and R. J. Johnston. 2013. The Economics of Rural and Agricultural Ecosystem Services:  Purism versus Practicality.  Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 42(1): iii-xv.

Johnston, R.J., E.T. Schultz, K. Segerson, E.Y. Besedin and M. Ramachandran. 2013. Stated Preferences for Intermediate versus Final Ecosystem Services: Disentangling Willingness to Pay for Omitted Ecological Outcomes. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 42(1): 98-118.

Rosenberger, R.S. and R.J. Johnston. 2013 Benefit Transfer, in Whitehead, J. and T. Haab, eds. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics:  An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO Inc.

Johnston, R.J. 2013. Ecosystem Services, in Whitehead, J. and T. Haab, eds. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics:  An Encyclopedia.  ABC-CLIO Inc.

Johnston, R.J. and R.S. Rosenberger. 2013. Meta-Analysis, in Whitehead, J. and T. Haab, eds. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics:  An Enclyclopedia.  ABC-CLIO Inc.

Rosenberger R.S., and R.J. Johnston. 2013. Benefit Transfer. In: Shogren, J.F., (ed.) Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics, Vol. 3, pp. 327-333. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Londoño, L.M. and R.J. Johnston. 2012. Enhancing the Reliability of Benefit Transfer Over Heterogeneous Sites: A Meta-Analysis of International Coral Reef Values. Ecological Economics 78(1): 80-89.

Duke, J.M., A.M. Borchers, R.J. Johnston and S. Chatterson. 2012. Sustainable Agricultural Management Contracts: Using Choice Experiments to Estimate the Benefits of Land Preservation and Conservation Practices. Ecological Economics 74(1): 95-103.

Schultz, E.T., R.J. Johnston, K. Segerson and E.Y. Besedin. 2012. Integrating Ecology and Economics for Restoration: Using Ecological Indicators in Valuation of Ecosystem Services. Restoration Ecology 20(3): 304-310.

Johnston, R.J., E.T. Schultz, K. Segerson, E.Y. Besedin and M. Ramachandran. 2012. Enhancing the Content Validity of Stated Preference Valuation: The Structure and Function of Ecological Indicators. Land Economics 88(1): 102-120.

Tyrrell, T.J. and R. J. Johnston. 2012. The Rocket Science of Sustainable Tourism. Tourism Analysis 17(3): 371-376.

Tyrell, T.J. and R.J. Johnston. 2012. Measuring the Performance of Convention and Visitors Bureaus, chapter 7 in Mook, L. ed. Accounting for the Social Value, University of Toronto Press, pp. 167-188.

Johnston, R.J. and J.C. Bergstrom. 2011. Valuing Farmland Protection:  Does Policy Guidance Depend on the Econometric Fine Print?  Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy 33(4): 639-660.

Johnston, R.J. and M. Russell. 2011. An Operational Structure for Clarity in Ecosystem Service Values.  Ecological Economic 70(12): 2243-2249.

Johnston, R.J., K. Segerson, E.T. Schultz, E.Y. Besedin and M. Ramachandran. 2011. Indices of Biotic Integrity in Stated Preference Valuation of Aquatic Ecosystem Services. Ecological Economics 70(11): 1946-1956.

Roheim, C.R., Johnston, R.J. and S. Tuler. 2011. Long-Term Health Effects, Risk Perceptions, and Implications for Agricultural Markets:  Modeling Consumption Patterns for Aquacultured Seafood. Journal of Food Distribution Research 42(1): 135-36.

Tyrrell, T.J. and R.J. Johnston. 2011. A Spatial Extension to a Framework for Assessing Direct Economic Impacts of Tourist Events, in Page, S.J. and J. Connell, eds. Handbook of Events. Routledge Publishers.

Tyrrell, T.J. and R.J. Johnston. 2011. The Role of Tourism in Sustainable Communities, Chapter 32 in Uysal, M., R.R. Perdue and M.J. Sirgy, eds. Handbook of Tourism and Quality-of-Life (QOL) Research:  The Missing Links, Springer.

Johnston, R.J., E.T. Schultz, K. Segerson and E.Y. Besedin. 2011. Bioindicator-Based Stated Preference Valuation for Aquatic Habitat and Ecosystem Service Restoration, in Bennett, J. ed. International Handbook on Non-Marketed Environmental Valuation. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, pp. 159-186.

Thomassin, P.J. and R.J. Johnston. 2011. Evaluating Benefit Transfer for Canadian Water Quality Improvements using US/Canada Metadata:  An Application of International Meta-Analysis, in Bennett, J. ed. International Handbook on Non-Marketed Environmental Valuation. Cheltenham, UK:  Edward Elgar, pp. 353-384.

Holland, D.S., J. Sanchirico, R.J. Johnston and D. Joglekar. 2010 Economic Analysis for Ecosystem Based Management:  Applications to Marine and Coastal Environments.. Washington, DC:  RFF Press.

Johnston, R.J. and R.S. Rosenberger 2010. Methods, Trends and Controversies in Contemporary Benefit Transfer. Journal of Economic Surveys 24(3): 479-510.

Yannes, C.D., N.E. Lownes, N.W. Garrick and R.J. Johnston. 2010. Operationalizing Placemaking in a Choice Experiment Context. Transporatation Research Record 2144(2): 121-129.

Johnston, R.J.  and J.M. Duke. 2010.  Socioeconomic Adjustments and Choice Experiment Benefit Function Transfer:  Evaluating the Common Wisdom. Resource and Energy Economics 32(3): 421-438.

Johnston, R.J. and P.J. Thomassin. 2010. Willingness to Pay for Water Quality Improvements in the United States and Canada:  Considering Possibilities for International Meta-Analysis and Benefit Transfer. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 39(1):  114-131.

Johnston, R.J., D.S. Holland and S. Tuler. 2010 New England Fishing Communities: Prospects and Uncertainties.  Communities and Banking 21(2): 3-5.

Duke, J.M. and R.J. Johnston. 2010. Nonmarket Valuation to Urban Fringe Farm and Forest Preservation. Ch.8, pp. 124-142, In New Perspectives on Agri-Environmental Policies: A Multidisciplinary and Transatlantic Approach, eds. S. Goetz and F. Brouwer. Oxford, UK, Routledge Publishers.