Faculty Biography

Robert Johnston

Robert Johnston, Ph.D.

Professor of Economics
Department of Economics
Director and Research Professor
The George Perkins Marsh Institute
Clark University
Worcester, MA 01610-1477

Phone: 508.751.4619
Fax: 508.751.4600
Email: rjohnston@clarku.edu

Curriculum Vitae


Dr. Johnston received a B.A. from Williams College in 1990 and a Ph.D. from the University of Rhode Island in 1996. He has been at Clark since 2008.

Current Research Interests

Professor Johnston's research interests include economic valuation, benefit transfer and ecosystem services, with an emphasis on aquatic, riparian and coastal systems.  His recent work has focused on the economics of coastal vulnerability and adaptation (e.g., to sea level rise and coastal flooding), and the coordination of economic and ecological models to value aquatic, riparian and coastal ecosystem services. In addition to his grant-funded research, he works closely with international organizations, government agencies and non-profit organizations to assist in the appropriate use of economic information to guide environmental and natural resource decisions.  He is a current member of the US EPA Science Advisory Board, the Ecosystem Science and Management Working Group of NOAA Scientific Advisory Board, the Management Committee and Science Advisory Board of the Narragansett Bay Estuary Program, the Senior Advisory Board of the Connecticut Sea Grant Program, the Program Advisory Council of the New York Sea Grant Program, and the Program Committee for the Charles Darwin Foundation in Galapagos, Ecuador.  He has also served on multiple National Research Council Panels for the National Academy of Sciences addressing environmental and natural resource issues.

Selected Publications

Johnston, R.J., J. Rolfe, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer, eds. 2015.  Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values:  A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht, the Netherlands:  Springer.

Rolfe, J., R.J. Johnston, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer.  2015. Introduction:  Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values, chapter 1 in R.J. Johnston, J. Rolfe, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer, eds.  Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values:  A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht, the Netherlands:  Springer.

Johnston, R.J. , J. Rolfe, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer.  2015. Introduction to Benefit Transfer Methods, chapter 2 in R.J. Johnston, J. Rolfe, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer, eds.  Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values:  A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht, the Netherlands:  Springer.

Rolfe, J., J. Windle and R.J. Johnston.  2015. Applying Benefit Transfer with Limited Data:  Unit Value Transfers in Practice, chapter 8  in R.J. Johnston, J. Rolfe, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer, eds.  Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values:  A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht, the Netherlands:  Springer.

Johnston, R.J. , M. Ramachandran and G.R. Parsons.  2015. Benefit Transfer Combining Revealed and Stated Preference Data, chapter 9 in R.J. Johnston, J. Rolfe, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer, eds.  Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values:  A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht, the Netherlands:  Springer.

Johnston, R.J. and L.A. Wainger. 2015. Benefit Transfer for Ecosystem Service Valuation:  An Introduction to Theory and Methods, chapter 12 in R.J. Johnston, J. Rolfe, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer, eds.  Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values:  A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht, the Netherlands:  Springer.

Rolfe, J., R. Brouwer and R.J. Johnston. 2015. Meta-analysis:  Rationale, Issues and Applications, chapter 16 in R.J. Johnston, J. Rolfe, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer, eds.  Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values:  A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht, the Netherlands:  Springer.

Johnston, R.J., R.S. Rosenberger, J. Rolfe and R. Brouwer.  2015. Benefit Transfer:  The Present State and Future Prospects, chapter 24 in R.J. Johnston, J. Rolfe, R.S. Rosenberger and R. Brouwer, eds.  Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values:  A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Dordrecht, the Netherlands:  Springer.

Duke, J.M., S.J. Dundas, R.J. Johnston and K.D. Messer. 2015. the Effect of Spatial Interdependencies on Prioritization and Payments for Environmental Services.  Land Use Policy, in press.

Johnston, R.J., D. Jarvis, K. Wallmo and D. Lew. 2015. Multi-Scale Spatial Pattern in Nonuse Willingness to Pay:  Applications to Threatened and Endangered Marine Species.  Land Economics 91(4), in press.

Duke, J.M., S.J. Dundas, R.J. Johnston and K.D. Messer.  2014.  Prioritizing Payment for Environmental Services:  Using Nonmarket Benefits and Costs for Optimal Selection.  Ecological Economics 105: 319-329.

Johnston, R.J. and M. Ramachandran.  2014.  Modeling Spatial Patchiness and the Hot Spots in Stated Preference Willingness to Pay.  Environmental and Resource Economics, 59(3): 363-387.

Johnston, R.J., and K. Moeltner.  2014.  Meta-Modeling and Benefit Transfer:  the Empirical Relevance of Source-Consistency in Welfare Measures.   Environmental and Resource Economics, 59(3): 337-361.

Committee on Evaluating the Effectiveness of Stock Rebuilding Plans of the 2006 Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act (Parma, A.M., P.J. Sullivan, J. Collie, T.W. Hartley, W. Heyman, R.J. Johnston, A.E. Punt, K.A. Rose, J. Sanchirico, M.P. Sissenwine and G. Sugihara). 2914.  Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans in the United States.  Ocean Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council of the National Academies.  Washington, DC:  The National Academies Press.

Johnston, R.J., J. Sanchirico and D.S. Holland. 2014.  Measuring Social Value and Human Well-Being, in Bowen, R.E., M.H. Depledge, C.P. Carlarne and L.E. Fleming, eds. Oceans and Human Health:  Social Implications and Well-Being. Hoboken, NJ:  Wiley Blackwell.

Johnston, R.J., S.K. Swallow, D.M. Bauer and E. Uchida. 2014. Connecting Ecosystem Services to Land Use: Implications for Valuation and Policy, chapter 8 in Duke, J.M. and J. Wu, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Land Economics. Oxford University Press, pp. 196-225.

Zhao, M., R.J. Johnston and E.T. Schultz. 2013. What to Value and How?  Ecological Indicator Choices in Stated Preference Valuation.  Environmental and Resource Economics 56(1): 3-25.

Stanley, T.D., H. Doucouliagos, M. Giles, J.H. Heckemeyer, R. J. Johnston, P. Laroche, J.P. Nelson, M. Paldam, J. Poot, G. Pugh, R.S. Rosenberger, and K. Rost. 2013. Meta-Analysis of Economics Reporting Guidelines.  Journal of Economic Surveys 27(2): 390-394.

Bauer, D.M. and R. J. Johnston. 2013. The Economics of Rural and Agricultural Ecosystem Services:  Purism versus Practicality.  Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 42(1): iii-xv.

Johnston, R.J., E.T. Schultz, K. Segerson, E.Y. Besedin and M. Ramachandran. 2013. Stated Preferences for Intermediate versus Final Ecosystem Services: Disentangling Willingness to Pay for Omitted Ecological Outcomes. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 42(1): 98-118.

Rosenberger, R.S. and R.J. Johnston. 2013 Benefit Transfer, in Whitehead, J. and T. Haab, eds. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics:  An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO Inc.

Johnston, R.J. 2013. Ecosystem Services, in Whitehead, J. and T. Haab, eds. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics:  An Encyclopedia.  ABC-CLIO Inc.

Johnston, R.J. and R.S. Rosenberger. 2013. Meta-Analysis, in Whitehead, J. and T. Haab, eds. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics:  An Enclyclopedia.  ABC-CLIO Inc.

Rosenberger R.S., and R.J. Johnston. 2013. Benefit Transfer. In: Shogren, J.F., (ed.) Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics, Vol. 3, pp. 327-333. Amsterdam: Elsevier.