Clark University

ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY ISSUE: Vol. 91 No. 2 April 2015




Design of new Economic Geography JournalEconomic Geography is an internationally peer-reviewed journal, committed to publishing cutting-edge research that makes theoretical advances to the discipline. Our long-standing specialization is to publish the best theoretically-based empirical articles that deepen the understanding of significant economic geography issues around the world. Owned by Clark University since 1925, Economic Geography actively supports scholarly activities of economic geographers. Economic Geography is published quarterly in January, April, July, and October.





Journal Articl


Encore for the Enclave: The Changing Nature of the Industry Enclave with Illustrations from the Mining Industry in Chile

Nicholas A. Phelps, Miguel Atienza, and Martin Arias, Pages 119–146
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Circus in Action: Exploring the Role of a Translation Zone in the Cirque du Soleil’s Creative Practices

Norma M. Rantisi, Deborah Leslie, Pages 147–164
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Spatial Competition and Interdependence in Strategic Decisions: Empirical Evidence from Franchising

Shaoling Chen, Susheng Wang, and Haisheng Yang, Pages 165–204
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The Contribution of Regions to Aggregate Growth in the OECD

Enrique Garcilazo, Joaquim Oliveira Martins, Pages 205–221
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The Rise of the BRICS in Africa: The Geopolitics of South-South Relations by Pádraig Carmody

Stefan Ouma, pages 223–225
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Seeking Talent for Creative Cities: The Social Dynamics of Innovation edited by Jill L. Grant

Caroline Andrew, pages 227–228
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Global Information Society: Technology, Knowledge, and Mobility by Mark I. Wilson, Aharon Kellerman, and Kenneth E. Corey

Feng Li, pages 229–231
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Taming Tibet: Landscape Transformation and the Gift of Chinese Development by Emily T. Yeh

Jun Zhang, pages 233–235
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Encore for the Enclave: The Changing Nature of the Industry Enclave with Illustrations from the Mining Industry in Chile by Nicholas A. Phelps, Miguel Atienza, and Martin Arias

Abstract:  Conceptual innovation with respect to the enclave concept has been virtually absent compared with industry agglomerations. This is despite the fact that some varieties of agglomeration distinguished in the literature appear to come close to what previously were regarded as industrial enclaves and despite frequent allusions to the enclave nature of economic spaces produced by contemporary processes of globalization. Bringing the literature on agglomeration and enclaves into dialogue, we revisit the concept of the enclave—a concept that has been largely neglected since it enjoyed a popularity in connection with the study of particular (notably extractive) industries and particular (notably dependencia) theories of national economic development during the 1960s and 1970s. Much has changed since this time, which suggests that the concept of the enclave ought to be ripe for reevaluation. In this article we take an initial step in this direction, identifying analytical dimensions to the enclave and illustrating different manifestations of enclaves in the mining industry, drawing on the case of Chile. We conclude by advocating the renewed study of industry enclaves within contemporary economic geographic analysis.

Key words: industry enclave, industry agglomeration, mining industry

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Circus in Action: Exploring the Role of a Translation Zone in the Cirque du Soleil's Creative Practices by Norma M. Rantisi and Deborah Leslie

Abstract: This article explores the process of knowledge production and creativity in the circus. In particular, it examines how the Cirque du Soleil has been able to forge an innovative and novel tradition of circus arts by drawing upon knowledge and competencies from the related fields of sport, circus, dance, and theater. Using the notion of translation developed in actor network theory, we trace how a variety of actors and entities, including both human and nonhuman actants, are enrolled in the creation of a contemporary circus performance. We explore how power and agency are distributed in the networks that foster creativity in the circus, highlighting their inherently unstable and precarious nature, and how the Cirque has created an open and unbounded space that accommodates fluid exchanges between actants (what we call a translation zone).

Key words: creativity, translation, circus, Montreal

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Spatial Competition and Interdependence in Strategic Decisions: Empirical Evidence from Franchising by Shaoling Chen, Susheng Wang, and Haisheng Yang

Abstract: This article investigates spatial competition and spatial interdependence in two key strategic variables in franchising: the proportion of franchised outlets (PFO; i.e., franchise proportion) and the royalty rate. Employing a simultaneous equations model and data from 353 U.S. franchise chains in 43 sectors in 2005, we find robust evidence for significant spatial competition and stable interdependence in these two strategic variables. Specifically, we find spatial competition in each strategic variable, and spatial interdependence between the two strategic variables. Each strategic variable and its spatial lag are strategic complements in spatial competition due to the market share effect, while the two strategic variables are strategic substitutes in spatial interdependence due to the market power effect, and the former effect is stronger than the latter effect. Besides, we also find that franchisors are strongly inclined to a combination of a low royalty rate and a high franchise proportion, which evolves and stabilizes in the long-run equilibrium. These findings provide a consistent framework with which to explain many stylized facts in franchising, such as the time-invariance of a uniform royalty rate, the stability of a mixed organizational structure, and the coexistence of head-on competition and diversification of chains of different sizes.

Key words: spatial competition, spatial interdependence of strategic variables, simultaneous equations system, market share effect, market power effect

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The Contribution of Regions to Aggregate Growth in the OECD by Enrique Garcilazo, Joaquim Oliveira Martins

Abstract:This article investigates the contribution of regions to aggregate growth. We find a great degree of heterogeneity in the performance of Territorial Level 3 (TL3) regions of the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). The regional contributions to aggregate growth follow a power law, with a coefficient around 1.2 (in absolute terms). This implies that Few-Large (FL) regions contribute disproportionately to aggregate growth whereas Many-Small (MS) individual regions contribute only marginally. Because the large number of these smaller regions and the decay of their contribution to growth is slow (generating a fat tail distribution), their cumulated contribution is actually around two-thirds of aggregate growth.

Key words: regional growth, aggregate growth, urban regions, intermediate regions, rural regions, power law, distributive growth model, granularity

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Published by Clark University since 1925.


July 2015

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European Migration, National Origin and Long-term Economic Development in the United States
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Balanced Skills and the City: An Analysis of the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Skill Balance, Thickness, and Innovation
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