About the Clark University Polls

The Clark University Poll of Emerging Adults (2012) and Clark University Poll of Parents of Emerging Adults (2013) present a definitive national survey of this demographic group (18- to 29-year-olds) and offer insights into how emerging adults and their parents view this stage of time of life — a distinct developmental stage identified by poll director and Clark Psychology Professor Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, who coined the term "emerging adulthood."

LATEST FINDINGS

Most parents and kids still talk more often than text

Parents say they had it tougher as young adults, but share their grown kids' satisfaction with life today and optimism about tomorrow

"I believe that overall my child's life will be better than my life has been." 69% of all parents agree, 85% African American parents, 74% Latino parents, 64% White parents believe their children will have better lives - Clark University Poll of Emerging Adults

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College send-off can mean missing their BFFs

86% of parents surveyed describe their relationship with their 18- to 29-year-old as a current source of enjoyment.

Since my child was 15+ we... - Clark University Poll of Emerging Adults

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Emerging Adults getting by with a lot of help from their parents

Parents:
How much financial support do you provide to your child?
How much financial support did your parents provide when you were in your twenties?

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Key to becoming adult? Being responsible for yourself

What is the key to becoming an adult?

Clark Poll of Parents of Emerging Adults: What is the key to adulthood?

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Grown kids at home not cramping our style, parents say

Most parents (61%) described their response to their grown kids living at home as "mostly positive."

Clark Poll of Parents of Emerging Adults: 61% of parents are mostly positive about emerging adults moving home

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Parents welcome emerging adults back to the nest


2012 POLL

Findings from the 2012 Clark University Poll of Emerging Adults:

Most Emerging Adults stay in constant touch with parents

Emerging adults are confident they'll get what they want out of life

Poll of Emerging Adults counters 'freeloader' stereotype

18- to 29-year-olds are traditional about sex, marriage and raising children

New Clark survey of emerging adults reveals views on education


ABOUT ARNETT

  • Clark psychologist leads emerging adulthood research

    Jeffrey Jensen Arnett is a research professor in the department of psychology at Clark University in Worcester, Mass. Dr. Arnett's primary scholarly interest is in "emerging adulthood," the period from the late teens to the mid-twenties (mainly ages 18-25). For more than a decade he has conducted research on emerging adults concerning a wide variety of topics and involving several different ethnic groups in the United States. He also studied emerging adults in Denmark as a Fulbright Scholar in 2005. Other areas of his research are media uses in adolescence, especially music and advertising, and risk behavior in adolescence and emerging adulthood, especially cigarette smoking. In the course of his work on cigarette smoking, he has served as an expert witness against the tobacco companies in numerous court cases, including the multi-state case that led to the largest civil settlement in legal history in 1998. More »

    • Dr. Arnett received his Ph.D. from the University of Virginia, and did three years of postdoctoral work at the University of Chicago. From 1992-1998 he was Associate Professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies at the University of Missouri. He has been a visiting scholar at Stanford University and the University of Maryland.

      Dr. Arnett is the father of twins Miles and Paris, born in 1999. His wife, Lene Jensen, is also a developmental psychologist at Clark University, specializing in moral development and in the development of cultural identity among immigrants. She herself was born in Denmark and immigrated to the United States in 1986, and the family visits Denmark every summer.

      In the news

      Dr. Arnett's research on Emerging Adulthood has been featured in dozens of national and international media outlets, including The New York Times Magazine, Today Show, Chicago Tribune, USA Today, Toronto Star, Daily Mail (UK), Associated Press and The Wall Street Journal.

      Publications

      Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from the Late Teens Through the Twenties
      By Jeffrey Jensen Arnett (2006, Oxford University Press)

      In Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from the Late Teens through the Twenties, Dr. Arnett presents a broad and compelling portrait of the lives of today's "emerging adults." He argues that a new stage of life has been created in recent decades, lasting from about age 18 through the mid-twenties for most people, that is distinct from either the adolescence that precedes it or the young adulthood that follows it. Drawing on over 300 interviews, Dr. Arnett describes diverse aspects of emerging adults' lives, including relationships with parents, love and sex, marriage hopes and fears, college experiences, the search for meaningful work, religious beliefs (or lack of them), and perceptions of what it means to be an adult. In contrast to previous portrayals of this age group, Dr. Arnett describes emerging adults as wary but hopeful, strikingly optimistic even if their lives in the present are often unsettled. Their voices come through loud and clear in this insightful and provocative book.

      Emerging Adults in America: Coming of Age in the 21st Century
      Edited by Jeffrey Jensen Arnett and Jennifer Lynn Tanner (2005, American Psychological Association Press)

      This book resulted from the First Conference on Emerging Adulthood held at Harvard University in November, 2003. Twelve scholars contributed chapters on a wide range of topics, from cognitive development to mental health to sexuality to media use, and more. All were asked to summarize what is known and to present theoretical ideas about what a paradigm of emerging adulthood might look like with respect to their area. The result is a rich panorama of perspectives on emerging adulthood, covering a wide range of topics.

      Debating Emerging Adulthood: Stage or Process?
      By Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, Marion Kloep, Leo B. Hendry, and Jennifer L. Tanner (2011, Oxford University Press)

      Drs. Arnett and Tanner argue that as young people around the world share demographic similarities, such as longer education and later marriage, the years between the ages 18 and 25 are best understood as entailing a new life stage. Drs. Hendry and Kloep counter that stage theories—including the theory of emerging adulthood—have never been able to explain individual transitions across the life course and ought to be abolished altogether.

       

      Readings on Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood
      By Jeffrey Jensen Arnett (Prentice Hall, 2002)

      Dr. Arnett has compiled a book of readings intended to serve as a companion to the textbook on adolescence. Like the textbook, the book of readings emphasizes culture as the context for development. Furthermore, as in the textbook, the book of readings covers not only adolescence but also emerging adulthood.

       

      Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: A Cultural Approach (4th edition)
      By Jeffrey Jensen Arnett (2009, Prentice Hall)

      Dr. Arnett presents his theory of emerging adulthood, conceptualizing it as the age of identity explorations, instability, being self-focused, feeling in-between, and the age of possibilities. He describes this theory in some detail in the first chapter, and uses it as the framework for discussing emerging adulthood in the chapters that follow.

       

      Human Development: A Cultural Approach
      By Jeffrey Jensen Arnett (2011, Pearson Education)

      Through research and examples from around the world, Dr. Arnett teaches students to think culturally about their own development and see how it applies to their own lives and future careers. Whether they travel the globe or remain in their home towns, in a culturally diverse and globalized world students will benefit from being able to think culturally about human development.



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