The Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Clark University is sponsoring an interdisciplinary conference, “Beyond the Armenian Genocide: The Question of Restitution and Reparation in Comparative Review,” opening at 7:30 p.m., Thursday, Oct. 27, with a public keynote address in Tilton Hall, Higgins University Center, 950 Main Street. Scholar and author John Torpey will present “A Comparative Perspective on Reparations for Historical Injustices.”
The conference will continue throughout the day on Friday, Oct. 28, with a series of panels for participants and invited guests. Leading scholars will examine questions of post-conflict justice in a comparative review of the Armenian Genocide, the Holocaust, and the Native American Genocide.
“Reparations can be symbolic, such as apologies or the creation of memorials and museums,” says Torpey. “They can also be economic, such as financial compensation to individuals or collectivities, or material redress, such as settlement of the land claims of indigenous peoples. These measures can reflect cultural or legal claims to reparations, or both.”
Torpey, professor of Sociology at the City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate Center, also is the author of “Making Whole What Has Been Smashed: On Reparations Politic” (Harvard University Press, 2006).
Conference participants will consider different aspects of post-conflict compensation including the return of stolen art and artifacts; the restitution of personal and communal property; and how post-war agreements and treaties shape discussions about compensation. The Holocaust case offers a model for restitution and reparation that has achieved significant success but also frustrating disappointments and delays. The Native American case provides a valuable example of the importance of pursuing justice at home and for all peoples. Discussions about the Armenian case will consider why efforts to secure compensation emerged so late and the influence of developments in securing justice for victims of the Holocaust.
The conference is organized by Taner Akçam, the Robert Aram ’52 and Marianne Kaloosdian and Stephen and Marian Mugar Professor of Armenian Genocide Studies at Clark, and presented in partnership with the Belmont-based National Association for Armenian Studies and Research (NAASR) and Eric Weitz, the Arsham and Charlotte Ohanessian Professor at the University of Minnesota. NAASR’s participation is supported by the Ethel Jafarian Duffett Fund.
Turkish recognition of the Armenian Genocide has been an enduring goal of Armenian communities at home and internationally. Yet, the political, financial, and legal consequences that might emerge in the wake of recognition have not been fully articulated. Recently, scholars and lawyers have pursued concrete efforts to secure reparation, restitution and compensation; they are proceeding independent of groups lobbying governments to acknowledge the Genocide. These initiatives demonstrate that the pursuit of justice through financial means can progress without necessarily resolving the complicated politics of Genocide recognition.
Recent court cases against American and French insurance companies have resulted in reparations and they have given encouragement to newly filed lawsuits in the U.S. These developments demonstrate that financial redress for the Armenian community may be possible on a broader scale. New lawsuits addressing theft of artifacts, properties, and bank accounts have been filed against the Turkish government and private Turkish companies. They seek compensation for both individual and collective losses suffered during the Genocide.
Since its founding in 1887, Clark University in Worcester, Mass., has a history of challenging convention. As an innovative liberal arts college and research university, Clark’s world-class faculty leads a community of creative thinkers and passionate doers and offers a range of expertise. Clark is nationally recognized in the areas of psychology, geography, management, urban education, Holocaust and genocide studies, environmental studies, and international development and social change. Clark’s students, faculty and alumni embody the Clark motto: Challenge convention. Change our world.
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