Because the wood of the American planetree rots quickly, its hollow trunks serve as critical habitats for cavity-nesting birds such as screech owls, chimney swifts, and wood ducks.
We have one American planetree growing in the Arboretum. See if you can spot it as you walk along the Larch Lane trail.
History at Hadwen
There are no records from Hadwen’s time living on the estate to suggest that he planted an American planetree. Additional studies conducted in the 1970s also preclude any American planetree identifications. This could be due to its vulnerabilities to disease, making it an unusual species. The American planetree is rarely used for landscaping and London plane is often planted instead.
Detailed Species Information
American planetree, also known as American sycamore or just sycamore, is a deciduous tree in the family Platanaceae. It can be found throughout the eastern and central United States and often reaches 600 years in age. It can be distinguished easily from other trees by the irregular mottled pattern of its bark, which typically flakes off in large swaths. This is due to the rigid nature of the American planetree’s bark, which does not naturally stretch as the tree grows, but instead falls off in brittle pieces.
Because this species is long-lived, it can reach 131 feet (40 meters) tall and well over 6 feet (2 meters) in diameter. The largest recorded American planetree is 174 feet (53 meters) tall and is known as the Buttonball Tree. It’s located in Sunderland, MA, about 60 miles west of the Hadwen Arboretum. These trees are often divided into several secondary trunks. The leaves are alternate and three to five-lobed. Flowers emerge in May with dense, spherical heads covered in dark red staminate.
This tree is often found in moist environments such as wetlands and floodplains and is typically the largest of the plant species in these environments. It reproduces in a “weedy” pattern with large quantities of seeds dispersed as soon as the tree reaches maturity. The wood of the American planetree rots quickly, often leaving hollow trunks which serve as habitat for many cavity-nesting birds such as screech owls, chimney swifts, and wood ducks. American planetree is also a specialized host for the sycamore tussock moth and an important host of other insects such as the drab prominent moth. In addition to this, the American planetree is a host to various pests and diseases such as sycamore leaf beetle and a fungus causing plane anthracnose disease.