HERO: Human-Environment Regional Observatory

HERO Logo and then some

Program Description

The National Science Foundation (NSF) Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Human-Environment Regional Observatory (HERO) program is a unique undergraduate-graduate-faculty experience that engages in research on human-environment relationships in Massachusetts. NSF REU Site HERO Fellows conduct hands-on research under the mentorship of Clark University faculty. The research conducted by HERO Fellows often leads to scholarly publications, presentations at academic conferences across the USA, and awards and honors.

This eight-week curriculum (June 8 through July 31, 2015) is sponsored by Clark University O'Connor Fund. HERO Fellows analyze the causes and consequences of global environmental changes at local scales in faculty-led research projects. Each Fellow is paired with a Clark faculty mentor and other researchers on the HERO team and all work togehter in two research domains. Fellows will learn how to use various research methods,including GIS, remote sensing, geostatistical modeling, interviews and focus groups.

Research Areas

HERO-MA Research areas:

NSF REU HERO engages in two main areas of research concerning the causes and consequences of the Asian longhorn beetle (ALB) infestation in central Massachusetts on urban and ex-urban forests:

Tree Planting Assessment (TPA)
This research stream uses field data collection, geoinformatics-based mapping and ecosystem services modeling/forecasting techniques to examine how the extensive tree replanting program has impacted the urban environment in terms of forest diversity, cover/density/configuration, land surface temperature, and various ecosystem services, and the likely future impacts. The TPA research stream will contribute to a burgeoning body of knowledge concerning urban forest sustainability, tree planting from an environmental justice perspective, and ecosystem service modelling. TPA will also shed new light on the current and future eco-services impact of tree planting initiatives throughout the U.S.

Place-Making Assessment (PMA)
This research stream uses qualitative data collection methods, such as interviews and focus groups to explore: (1) How the experience of tree planting programs and the associated policy interventions, affects neighborhood-level urban ecological vulnerabilities, environmental awareness and sense of place?; and (2) How can resource managers and policy makers implement more environmentally aware policies and build local tree and environmental stewardship? We emphasize the interactions among individual residents, policy makers at a variety of jurisdictional scales, and biophysical processes. The PMA group seeks to better understand the social and political element of tree survivorship. Examining the ongoing policy changes to the Worcester region’s urban forest during the tree planting efforts provides an opportunity to observe changing urban forest management protocols, and their impacts on ways people experience their city, town or home, i.e. place-making, and how their ethic of tree and other environmental care changes based on those experiences.

NSF REU HERO Summer 2015 six Clark Students will work in both of these research areas and will combine these reserach methods to further explore the issues impacted by ALB infestion and eradication.

NSF REU HERO Summer 2015

Students in the HERO summer program presented their findings on July 30, 2015.  Coverage of the tree replanting efforts in Worcester post-ALB infestation were the topics of this year's summer study.  Students assessed the health of the tree replanting initiative conducted by Mass DCR and WTI (Worcester Tree Initiative) to replace trees the USDA APHIS (Animal Plant Health Inspection Service) had to removed to eradicate the beetle.  As part of their study these students went into the field conducting interviews with neighbors and other Stakeholders as well as surveying the health of the newly planted trees and how to continue to care for them.  In the fall, HERO Students will present their research to the office of the USDA APHIS in Massachusetts; at Fall Fest, an on campus university wide research presentation program; and in the spring will travel to San Fransisco for the American Association of Geographers Annual meeting.

Video HERO Student Presentations at Stakeholder summit July 30, 2015

Video HERO Student Presentations Stakeholder summit July 30, 2015 Part 2

Powerpoint HERO 2015 Stakeholder Summit

HERO Student Research Posters

"Evaluating Residents' Experiences with Tree Planting Programs in Worcester, MA"

"Indirect Indicators of Juvenile Tree Survivorship in Worcester, MA"

"Assessing the Survivorship and Conditions of Planted Trees in Worcester, MA"

NSF REU HERO Summer 2014

Students in the HERO summer program presented their findings on July 31, 2014.  Coverage of the Asian Longhorned Beetle Stakeholder summit included members of the HERO summer REU Site program students, faculty and staff alongside members of the Stakeholders from the local neighborhood residents, city, state officials who have been active in the ALB issue.  Video, powerpoint and news artciles linked below.

Clark UniversityNewsHub features work of HERO students from Summer 2014

Video HERO student presentations at stakeholder summit 2014

Powerpoint HERO Summer 2014 Stakeholder Summit

Officials hope continued initiative will help communities against the Asian Longhorned Beetle

NSF REU HERO Summer 2013

Profs. John Rogan and Deborah Martin (Co-PIs) submitted an Op-Ed article to the Worcester Telegram & Gazette on ALB and urban trees.

Asian Longhorned Beetle is downfall of summer in central Mass.

(NECN: Mike Cronin) – One of the downfalls of summer in central Massachusetts is the Asian Longhorned Beetle. It’s been five years since the pest first surfaced in the area. Since then, tens of thousands of trees have been chopped down because of the infestation. One of the hardest hit communities, the town of Shrewsbury, is now taking action to figure out the best way to deal with the problem. Video link





Current Sponsor:

Past Sponsors:

This material is based upon work supported by the US National Science Foundation (NSF) Current Active Grant Nos.SBE-1156935. Past HERO funded grants with continued research beyond that of the HERO Program: BCS-0948984, BCS-0709685, OCE-1058747, EF-1065741, SES-0849985, SES-0951366 and through the PIE, ULTRA-EX, CNH, MACRO-BIO, DCDC II and FCE groups of the LTER. Material is also based upon work supported by US Dept of Commerce (NOAA SARP) Grant No. NA09OAR4310141. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF.

The Asian longhorn beetle infestation in Central Massachusetts continues to be studied by the HERO REU Site Summer 2014 program. This program is a continuation of a 3-year NSF grant from May 2012-April 2015.


April 2012: Clark HERO receives NSF $329,992 grant for Asian Longhorn Beetle Infestion in Worcester Area.

Professors John Rogan (lead PI) and Deborah Martin (co-PI) were awarded a three-year, $329,992 "REU Site" grant from the US National Science Foundation entitled “Mapping Beetles, Trees, Neighborhoods, and Policies: A Multi-Scaled, Urban Ecological Assessment of the Asian Longhorned Beetle Invasion in New England (HERO), May 2012 – April 2015.” The purpose of this research is to examine multiple dimensions of the Asian longhorn beetle infestation in Central Massachusetts, from mapping impacts to future projections and multi-scalar policy responses. It will help to unite diverse efforts and establish Clark as a principal player in addressing the ALB crisis in New England. On June 4, 2012 an opending reception for new HERO students and stakeholders was held at Clark. See article >