About Sexual Assault, Dating Violence and Stalking
What is Dating Violence?
Dating violence/relationship abuse is a pattern of coercive behaviors that serves to exercise control and power in an intimate relationship. The coercive and abusive behaviors can be physical, sexual, psychological, verbal and/or emotional. Relationship abuse can occur between current or former intimate partners who have dated, lived together, currently reside together on or off campus, or who otherwise connected through a past or existing relationship. It can occur in opposite-sex and same-sex relationships.
The Clark Student Code of Conduct describes how examples of relationship abuse include, but are not limited to: attempting to cause or causing bodily injury by hitting, slapping, punching, hair pulling, kicking, sexual assault and/or other forms of unwanted physical contact that causes harm; knowingly restricting the movements of another person; isolating or confining a person for a period of time; controlling or monitoring behavior; being verbally and/or emotionally abusive; exhibiting extreme possessiveness or jealousy.
What is Sexual Assault?
Sexual abuse/sexual violence refers to a range of behaviors that are unwanted by the recipient and include remarks about physical appearance, persistent sexual advances that are undesired by the recipient, as well as unwanted touching and unwanted oral, anal, or vaginal penetration. These behaviors could be initiated by someone known or unknown to the recipient, including someone they are in a relationship with.
The Clark Student Code of Conduct describes sexual assault as any sexual penetration (anal, oral or vaginal), however slight, with any object or sexual intercourse by a man or woman upon a man or woman without effective consent. Sexual penetration includes vaginal or anal penetration by a penis, object, tongue or finger and oral copulation by mouth to genital contact or genital to mouth contact.
What is Sexual Misconduct?
Sexual Misconduct is any intentional sexual touching, however slight, with any object by a man or woman upon a man or woman without effective consent. Sexual touching includes any bodily contact with the breasts, groin, genitals, mouth or other bodily orifice of another or any other bodily contact in a sexual manner. Any disrobing of another or exposure to another by a man or woman without effective consent is considered a violation of this policy.
What is Sexual Exploitation?
Sexual exploitation occurs when a student takes non-consensual or abusive sexual advantage of another for his/her own advantage or benefit, or to benefit or advantage anyone other than the one being exploited, and that behavior does not otherwise constitute Sexual Assault, Sexual Misconduct, or Sexual Harassment. Examples of sexual exploitation include, but are not limited to: making public sexual activity with another student without that other student's consent; prostituting another student; non-consensual video- or audio-taping of sexual activity; going beyond the boundaries of consent (such as letting your friends hide in the closet to watch you having consensual sex); voyeurism; and/or knowingly transmitting an STI or HIV to another student.
What is Sexual Harassment?
Sexual Harassment consists of any unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. This includes, but is not limited to: submission to, or rejection of, such conduct that is made either implicitly or explicitly a term or condition of employment or participation in an education program; submission to, or rejection of, such conduct that is used for the basis for employment or academic decisions affecting a student; such conduct that has the purpose or effect of interfering with a student's work or academic performance; or such conduct that creates a hostile or intimidating work or academic environment.
What is Stalking?
Stalking is defined as any pattern of conduct that has the purpose or effect of producing fear and/or creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive environment. A "pattern of conduct" is defined as two or more times and constitutes a repeated attempt to initiate unwanted, inappropriate and/or threatening interactions against a particular person or group. Examples of stalking behavior include, but are not limited to: unwelcome communication that can be face-to-face, phone, text, email, voice messages, written messages, gifts, etc.; pursuing and/or following another person or group; surveillance; trespassing; gaining unauthorized access to personal, medical, financial or any other identifying piece of information without explicit permission; accessing email, phone or other forms of personal communication in order to follow or monitor another's activity.
Cyber-stalking is an extension of the physical form of stalking and is unacceptable at any level. Using electronic media such as the Internet, social networking sites, cell phones or similar devices or mediums to pursue, track, harass, monitor or make unwanted contact with another person is a violation of the stalking policy.
FACT SHEET: Stalking [PDF]
Clark University's Sexual Violence Policy
To see the Sexual Violence Policy in its entirety, please click the link below: