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|Speaker:||Dr. Jeff White, Ph.D.
Professor of Chemical Engineering
Oklahoma State University
Jeff White’s website
|Title:||Multinuclear, Multidimensional, and Multi-field NMR Reveals Complex Site Distributions in Zeolite Catalysts and Concomitant Water Effects|
Zeolites are interesting materials from both practical catalysis applications and fundamental structure-function perspectives. With known uses ranging from cracking, isomerization, and methanol-tohydrocarbon chemistries, the traditional view of only one type of acidic Brønsted proton site in many zeolite catalysts has been called into question by recent experimental NMR data on zeolites with relatively high framework Al content. Motivated by surprising increases in reaction rates observed for some hydrocarbon/HZSM-5 probe reactions in the presence of sub-stoichiometric amounts of water, a series of advanced solid-state NMR experiments reveals that more than one framework Al site as well as associated Brønsted acid protons can exist in zeolite HZSM-5. These sites are best described as fully-coordinated framework and partially-coordinated framework Al sites. The number and type of Al-OH sites can be varied, with significant impacts on reactivity even in cases when no extra-framework Al species can be detected. To date, experiments suggest that proximity between the two type of framework Al sites and their respective OH groups is important for reactivity. When such species are selectively removed, reaction rates decrease by an order of magnitude or more as first revealed by insitu MAS NMR and confirmed by reactor studies. Interestingly, when only single Brønsted acid sites exist in the catalyst, with no partially-coordinated framework Al sites, the addition of any amount of water only leads to decreases in reaction rates. As such, practical manifestations of the information revealed by advanced solid-state NMR methods include the use of water as a co-reagent, controlling the impact of post-synthetic modifications to increase catalyst lifetime (e.g. P-addition), and rational introduction of “synergistic” reaction sites.
|Host:||Professor Noel Lazo|
|Time:||12:15pm via Zoom|
|For more information: Chemistry@clarku.edu|
- October 1, 2021
12:15 p.m. - 1:15 p.m.