Ecology of 

Atlantic Shores

Carolyn Matthews

Clark University
Fall, 2008

                

Zooplankton of Bermuda and New England

Zooplankton are small creatures are most commly found in the littoral zone ocean, but they can also be found in bodies of fresh or brackish water.  Their name comes from the Greek word "planktos" meaning drifter, as they are subject to the turbidity of the water and have very little control over their own mobility (though looking at them under a microscope can be quite difficult if they are not fixed).   Zooplankton are made up of subdivision of plankton that are cateogorized into two categories; those who are in a developmental stage and will one day no longer be plankton, and those who are plankton throughout their entire lives due to their size.  One defining characteristic of zooplankton is the fact they they sink down to the ocean floor during the day and rise up to the littoral zone at night.  This is a defense mechanism against predation.  During the day, it is better to remain low and out of sight, but corals feed in the evening making it beneficial to float to the surface at night.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the diversity of plankton to look for any trends or differences between locations.  This study was carried out twice at tow different parts of the Atlantic Ocean; off the shores of Bermuda and New England.  



Bermuda Project New England Project
   



                               

Clark UniversityEcology of Atlantic ShoresBermuda Institute of Ocean SciencesNortheastern University Marine Science CenterSeacoast Science CenterLiterature Cited
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