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Active Learning and Research
Active Learning and Research
Psychology professor Esteban Cardemil, along with students in his course Research in the Community, study the development and nature of depression in low-income and minority populations.

Publication: The Prevention of Depressive Symptoms in Low-Income Minority Middle School Students

Cardemil, E. V., Reivich, K. J., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). The prevention of depressive symptoms in low-income minority middle-school students. Prevention & Treatment , 5, Article 8.


We present data on the efficacy of the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP) with low-income minority children. This school-based depression prevention program teaches cognitive and social problem-solving skills to groups of middle-school students who might be at-risk for developing depressive symptoms by virtue of their low-income status. Our previous research had established the effectiveness of the original PRP with predominately middle-income Caucasian children. We administered the PRP to 2 cohorts of low-income minority children: African American and Latino 5th and 6th graders. We found a clearly beneficial effect for the Latino children up to 6 months after the conclusion of the depression prevention program, but no clear effect for the African American children.

Full text available online.


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